Tag Archive | Old Testament

The New Jerusalem

We have come full circle with the repentant son in the arms of the father (cf. Lk 15: 11-21). By this we mean that traveling the pathway of the circle of love and submitting to the transformation offered us by Jesus Christ, through the Holy Spirit and Mary’s fiat, we become ready to enter into the New Jerusalem according to the loving plan of God the Father.

This journey of ours began with the Father’s promise in the book of Genesis: “I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; they will strike at your head, while you strike at their heel” (Gn 3:15). It has now started reaching the fullness of the Father’s plan, as described in the book of Revelation:

“I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, ‘Behold, God’s dwelling is with the human race. He will dwell with them and they will be His people and God Himself will always be with them (as their God). He will wipe every tear from their eyes and there shall be no more death or mourningwailing or pain, for the old order has passed away. The one who sat on the throne said, ‘Behold, I make all things new.’ Then he said, ‘Write these words down, for they are trustworthy and true.’  He said to me, ‘They are accomplished. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. To the thirsty I will give a gift from the spring of life-giving water. The victor will inherit these gifts and I shall be his God, and he will be My son'” (Rev 21: 3-7).

Magnificat anima mea Dominum

“I will put enmity between you and the woman.” (Gen. 3:15)

“A great sign appeared in the sky, a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars.” (Rev 12:1)

Holy Mother the Church has much to say about the above scripture quotes in reference to the mother of Jesus. As mentioned in earlier entries regarding the Father’s merciful promise to our first parents, the woman referred to is the Virgin Mary. On December 8, 1854 Pope Pius IX proclaimed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception ~ her first prerogative towards her destiny as the mother of God. Between this and the image brought forth in the book of Revelation, i.e. “the woman clothed with the sun,” we see in Mary the unique place she holds in Salvation History, leading us to understand that through her fidelity in obedience, she is indeed “Janua Coeli ~ Gate of Heaven.

Jesus is our redeemer! Our salvation was accomplished by His obedience: “…He emptied himself, taking the form of a slave, coming in human likeness, and found human in appearance, he humbled himself, becoming obedient to death, even death on a cross.” (Phil 7,8) This needs to be said and emphasized, in regards to the “order” of Salvation History. Jesus is the God-man, our Mediator; but he became so in time through the cooperation of Mary when she pronounced her “Fiat.” Through her cooperation, he received the body which he immolated on the Cross. So it is from this aspect that we focus on the role of our Blessed Mother in our journey within the “Circle of Love.” That is, in the perspective of time, cooperation and preparation. In any case we need not fear of putting her before her Divine Son in importance, because she herself does not do this. Before giving her answer to the Angel Gabriel, she said with all her heart: “Behold the handmaid of the Lord…” On the other hand we must recognize the centrality of Mary’s role in Salvation History, in order that we may follow her example and implore her help during our journey of “homeward bound.” We must remember, too,  that it is God himself who has “exalted her lowliness.” (cf. Lk 1:49) We can take counsel from the words of Saint Josemaria Escriva regarding the place of Mary in our lives: “There is no danger of exaggerating. We can never hope to fathom this inexpressible mystery, nor will we ever be able to give sufficient thanks to our Mother for bringing us into such intimacy with the Blessed Trinity. And it is this intimacy with the Trinity we have been called.

What are we to learn and take heed when approaching Mary? As St. Josemaria said, we can never fully understand the mystery of Mary, but we can expand our understanding by searching the writings of the holy promoters of Mariology. Examples of these are two great “apostles” of Marian spirituality: St. Louis-Marie Gringion DeMontfort, and nearer to our own time, St. Maximillian Kolbe. This will be the subject of the next blog entries, as we continue our contemplation of the role of Mary in Salvation History and more personally in our own lives. Fiat!

Upward turn

The Old Testament is filled with “Divine rescues.” God intervening to save his people or individuals. The covenants he made with the human race during this era demonstrates his powerful protection done so with mighty strength and authority. Even when chastising Israel, it was in order to correct and bring them back into right relationship. This was always done in view of delivering his children from the clutches of  evil. Yes, God is seen as the powerful Creator and deliverer, but also fatherly in  dealing with the people he formed,  fulfilling his promise to Abraham: “Your descendants will be as numerous as the stars of heaven…the sands of the seashore.” Gen 22:17)

When they were in Egypt, He powerfully brought them out of bondage in order to further form them into a family. “When Israel was a child I loved him, out of Egypt I called my son…it was I who taught Ephaim to walk, who took them in my arms, but they did not know that I cared for them. I drew them with human cords, with bands of love. I fostered them like those who raise an infant to their cheeks, I bent down to feed them.” ( Hosea 11: 1, 3-4)
God’s love is not cheap, and it is so because it is a covenent love. By its very nature it is reciprocal. Israel consistantly fell short of the expectations of their covenant with God, but even then, what is the divine and paternal response? “How could I give you up, Ephraim, or deliver you up, Israel….My heart is overwhelmed, my pity is stirred….For I am God and not man, the Holy One present among you. (Hosea 11: 8-9)

And so it was throughout the entire Old Testament era. God’s call, the initial response of more or less faithfulness, followed by a falling away. This in turn brought about the need for correction by way of tribulations, usually being  conquered by neighboring peoples. Israel becomes desolate and repentant, with God restoring them in their plight. The pattern is consistant.

Throughout these continuous defections, the Father sent messengers to the people. They were duly warned, but the Prophets went unheeded. And so, we are  given to understand that God is sovereign and yet always ready to bend down to return righteousness to his people…even if it included severe chastisement. As for any parent, it was meeted out as a last resort as shown in the stories of the various prophets.

Finally the time comes when the journey back to the Father is to take, you might say, a definitive turn for the better. Although externally the situation remains vacillating on the part of his “Family,” nevertheless, the time has come to fulfill the Promise given in the Garden of Eden: “I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; They will strike at your head, while you strike at their heel. (Gen. 3:15 NAB). We see this confirmed in the letter of St. Paul to the Galations: “But when the fullness of time had come, God sent his Son born of a woman, born under the law, to ransom those under the law, so that we might receive adoption. As proof that you are children, God sent the spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying out, ‘Abba, Father!’  So you are no longer a slave but a child, and if a child then also an heir, through God.” (Gal 4: 4- 7) And so the “Great Circle of Love” takes a definitive turn upwards to its beginning with the fulfillment of the promise made to Adam and Eve. Jesus the “new Adam” born of Mary, restores our filial relationship with the Father. (cf. Rom 5 15-21) Having taught us how, we dare to say: “Our Father, who art in Heaven;” and we do this while looking forward, with hope, to our total transformation in Christ as we await His full appearance in glory. (cf. Titus 2:13)

Circle of Love revisited

The subtitle of this blog is “The Great Circle of Love,” a subtitle that denotes a very defined movement – that is, a moment in which the start and the finish points become fused into a single point. Such fusion is even illustrated in our own weekly timeline, when Sunday to Sunday is seen in a cyclical aspect, with every eighth day being the beginning and end of the circle. This is one of the reasons why the Judeo-Christian tradition employs this ‘journey’ in both worship and liturgy; that is, that major feasts are prolonged into eight-day celebrations in order to make a deeper penetration into the event or mystery celebrated. In the Roman Catholic Church, a Great Octave is observed when celebrating the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Easter, which culminates eight days later with Divine Mercy Sunday, is accompanied by very special graces.

We could look at our return to the Father in the light of this circular fashion. The downward curve denotes the beginning of the journey from our creation in time, with the rest of the arching circle showing the movement back towards the beginning. Such a circle, coupled with the sequence of what is salvation history, creates a way of illustrating the saving plan of our Heavenly Father, namely the Incarnation of His only-begotten Son for our redemption.

Therefore, all of the above is about beginnings and endings: “Thus says the Lord, Israel’s king, its redeemer, the Lord of hosts. I am the first, I am the last” (Is 44:6). So what about our own beginning and ending? Perhaps we could think of it as the ‘divine roundabout;’ that is, our own existence starting from the Father and our return to Him – the Great Circle of Love.

Order is Heaven’s first law

The title above is taken from a poem by Alxander Pope and it embodies the subject that follows in this post. Yes, our God is a God of order.  What may seem disorder stems from the permisseve will of God to bring about a greater good, including human choices. When Adam and Eve disobeyed God and lost their “original intimacy” with the Father, another course had to be set in order for the needed restoration.  This time the human choices were going to be enacted in a “fallen state.”  The human condition was now in the framework of  a darkened intellect and  weakened will.

As soon as Adam sinned and consequently experienced the effects of his decision, the first thing recorded was that he was afraid. (cf Gen 3:10) Perhaps Adam’s answer of “being naked” also included his loss of the closeness  he had with God, without the reignment of the gifts he had before his sin.

At that point God made a promise ~ His response and remedy for this catastrophe. Without getting into the controversy in the translation of this verse, the Father’s response and remedy was: “I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; He will strike at your head, while you strike at his heel.” (Gen 3:15)

This brings us to the what is called the “Protoevangelion” (Greek for First Gospel) The above account begs for attention to the fact that our Father’s initial response to the betrayal of our first Parents was Merciful Love! Before Justice was meeted out, Mercy was extended by the promise of a Savior. The “order” was set in place. That we may return to the Father, a new pathway was created.  Although God is one in Nature, certain works are attributed to each Person of the Trinity, namely Creation, Redemption and Sanctification.  Regarding the Father, besides the creation of the world and our first parents, we read accounts of his major interventions in what is commonly called the Old Testament era.  And thus, the beginning of the journey we now call Salvation History.

In Eternal Splendor

“When all things were wrapt in a profound silence, and night in her swift course was half spent, Thy almighty Word, O Lord, leapt down from  your Throne in Heaven.” (Christmas liturgy)

Before time began there was an eternal voice of Father and Son. The Father speaking his Word and the Son returning His Fiat in filial love. This total self-giving is the essence of  union of wills. “I will proclaim the decree of the Lord: He said to me You are my Son, today I have become your Father.” (Ps 2:7)  The Son in turn speaks back: 

 Then I said, “Here I am, I have come. It is written about me in the scroll:
 I desire to do your will, O my God; your law is within my heart.” (ps 40:7-9)

One of the definitions of consecration is: “to dedicate our life or time, etc. to a specific purpose.”  This certainly is true and done divinely in what the Greek Fathers call “the round dance of the Trinity.” The total self-giving in mutual love and dedication. Jesus’ whole mission was to show us the Father and that we join and enter into  His consecration before all ages. The Father’s promise of a Savior given in Eden will be totally complete, when the Holy Spirit forms Christ in us and we join Him in crying out “Abba Father” and join in the Dance!

 

The Father who saves

“For God sent the Son into the world, not to condemn the world, but that the world might be saved through him.” (John 3:17)

From the Father’s Heart to our hearts

“Behold I will gather them all together…and will cause them to dwell securely. And they shall be my people and I will be their God. And I will give them one heart and one way… that it may be well with them and with their children after them. And I will make an everlasting covenant with them and will not cease to do them good…I will rejoice over them, when I shall do them good… with all my heart and with all my soul.” (Jer 32:37-41).

Wellspring of Joy

“We fittingly call God – and specifically, the First Person of the Blesssed Trinity  – ‘Father.’ He is the superabundant source of all that is, the ‘principle’ of everything, even within the Trinity. He is, as it were, the ‘wellspring of the joy of living’ (cf. Joyful, Joyful, We Adore Thee, Henry Van Dyck). He is the ‘Other,’ but the Other who cares and cares deeply for those dependent on Him. He is rich in mercy, seeking reconciliation, watching over His creation with providential love, with a wise and loving plan for human existence. His Fatherhood is manifested in deeds, in what He does for his children” (May, W. E. [2002]. The Mission of Fatherhood. In Josephinum Journal of Theology, Spring).

 

How sad was our fall

Oh! Adam if you only knew

that the test was simply to trust

that God’s intent for you was

“All that is Mine is yours!”

 

Going Home – 2

“And they walked with God in the cool of the evening”

We became detached from the ‘at-homeness’ our first Parents enjoyed in Eden, through their lack of belief and consequent disobedience.  In short we were dispoiled of our inheritance.  Because of this, Jesus left his heavenly Home for a brief time, on a quest to bring us back with him.  In our struggle to swim against the current and strong rapids of life, the Father has sent us the Way back to His bosom, and that is His Son, Jesus, who wants to carry us back.  We see this clearly in the words to His Apostles the night He entered into His agony in Gethsemane, just before his Passion and death.

After Jesus had spoken these words, he looked up to heaven and said, ‘Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son so that the Son may glorify you,  since you have given him authority over all people, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him.  And this is eternal life, that they may know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent. I glorified you on earth by finishing the work that you gave me to do. So now, Father, glorify me in your own presence with the glory that I had in your presence before the world existed.  I have made your name known to those whom you gave me from the world. They were yours, and you gave them to me, and they have kept your word.  Now they know that everything you have given me is from you;  for the words that you gave to me I have given to them, and they have received them and know in truth that I came from you; and they have believed that you sent me.  I am asking on their behalf; I am not asking on behalf of the world, but on behalf of those whom you gave me, because they are yours.  All mine are yours, and yours are mine; and I have been glorified in them.'”

“‘And now I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, protect them in your name that you have given me, so that they may be one, as we are one. While I was with them, I protected them in your name that you have given me…. And for their sakes I sanctify myself, so that they also may be sanctified in truth.  I ask not only on behalf of these, but also on behalf of those who will believe in me through their word,  that they may all be one. As you, Father, are in me and I am in you, may they also be in us, so that the world may believe that you have sent me.  The glory that you have given me I have given them, so that they may be one, as we are one, I in them and you in me, that they may become completely one, so that the world may know that you have sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.  Father, I desire that those also, whom you have given me, may be with me where I am, to see my glory, which you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world.  Righteous Father, the world does not know you, but I know you; and these know that you have sent me.  I made your name known to them, and I will make it known, so that the love with which you have loved me may be in them, and I in them'” (Jn 17:1-26).